Timber Industry Report
By Rick Sohn PhD.
Umpqua Coquille LLC
Interest rates increased last month, but real estate sales rose, as if homebuyers wanted to catch the bottom. Log prices dropped a lot, and lumber only somewhat, helping the mills. Seven-year trend of lumber, logs, housing, and mortgage statistics are shown below.
The price of lumber has decreased, but the price of logs has REALLY dropped. Net result? Logs are more affordable, mills are breathing a sigh of relief, and are making some money.
Fire danger has decreased in areas of the Pacific Northwest where it has been raining, This will ultimately help keep log prices down since logging operations can proceed and logs become more plentiful. Fire season still has life however, and things can change with a dry September.
According to Janet Johnson, Prudential Realty, The Roseburg Real Estate market has “exploded” with more offers being written and properties coming on the market, in the last few weeks. Judie Dunken, with the Dunken Group in Portland, is similarly positioned. RMLS reports that the Portland market has closed 10% more sales than last month, and that number for July is the best since 2005. The median home sales price in Portland is up to $280,000 and the average is $326,000. Rising interest rates, now 4.40%, have not hurt the summer home market, even though they are up over a full percentage point compared to the beginning of 2013. Many people are saying that buyers seem to be jumping in, before the interest rates rise even further.
The Portland unsold inventory remains below 3 months. The time on the market is 63 days, one month less time on the market than a year ago. Compare this to Roseburg, where there are 9.5 months of unsold inventory on the market, and an average market time of 190 days – also 30 days less time on the market than a year ago. While both markets are making significant improvements, its slower in a rural area like Roseburg than an urban area like Portland. This discrepancy leads to the following conclusions (with pockets of exceptions): there is an overall sellers market in Portland, but an overall buyer’s market in Roseburg and other rural towns.
This major difference in housing markets mirrors the economic recoveries that have occurred in rural and urban Oregon. If only rural Oregon could cut – or even salvage– more timber, rather than let it burn or get devoured by massive populations of bugs, the economies could improve.
Housing starts and building permits are showing some improvement this month, but are well short of the 1 million levels, reached in the Spring of 2013. Home prices continue to rise, albeit more slowly. According to Zillow, median home price rose the most in May, where it increased $1,300 over April, and has continued trending up with lower increases since then, as shown in the chart above.
It will be interesting to see if the gradual increases in home values and the rate of sales can continue, despite the rising interest rates. If so, there is hope that the housing starts and building permits will rise once again. This would really help the overall economy. We are still at typical deep recession levels of housing starts and building permits.
Data reports used with permission of:
1) Random Lengths. Through Sept. 2012, 2”x4”x8’ precision end trimmed hem-fir stud grade from Southern Oregon mills. Starting Oct. 2012, consolidated with Kiln Dried Studs, Coast Hem-Fir 2x4x8’ PET #2/#2&Btr. Price reported is Dollars per Thousand Board Feet, generally the third week of the month. One “board foot” of product measures 12 inches by 12 inches by one inch thick.
2) RISI, Log Lines. Douglas-fir #2 Sawmill Log, Average Region 3 Southern Oregon price, reported in Dollars per Thousand Board Feet of logs, Scribner Scale. The standardized Scribner Scale includes expected saw trim waste, so a log board foot is much more wood volume than a product board foot.
3) Dept. of Commerce, US Census Bureau. New Residential Housing Starts and New Residential Construction Permits, seasonally adjusted, annual rate. Recent reports are often revised in bold. Also, major revision made each May, reaching 2 1/2 yrs back.
4) Regional Multiple Listing Service RMLSTM data, courtesy of Janet Johnston, Prudential Real Estate Professionals Broker, Roseburg, OR. Inventory of Unsold Homes (Ratio of Active Listings to Closed Sales) in Portland, Oregon, for most recent month available.
5) Freddie Mac. Primary Mortgage Market Survey. 30-year Fixed Rate Mortgages Since 1971, national averages. Updated weekly, current report is for the prior full month.
6) Mortgage-X Most recent weekly rate of 30-year Fixed Rate Mortgages, national average.
7) Zillow.com Median value of homes sold in the United States during the month, weighted according to each area population. The Median removes the effect of outlier expensive homes, with equal numbers of homes above and below the median value each month. Revisions in bold
Issue #6-8. © Copyright Rick Sohn, Umpqua Coquille LLC.